نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 دانشیار، گروه تمدن و سیاست اسلامی، مرکز پژوهشی تمدن اسلامی، قم، ایران
2 دکتری، جامعهشناسی سیاسی، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران.
عنوان مقاله [English]
The purpose of the present research is to study mankind and politics in Iran’s contemporary political idea. Understanding different aspects of this relationship depends on searching about perception of the most important ideologies in contemporary Iran about mankind, power, state, and government as the most important subjects in politics. Undoubtedly, searching about all political ideas is neither possible nor necessary; but rather it is sufficient to review some of them that are presented as philosophical schools to reach our goal. The objective is to explain the viewpoints of liberalism, socialism, and Islam in this regard. The results show that the political mankind in national-liberalism and social-Marxism often relies more on world knowledge -from individual and class view- rather than self-consciousness; whereas Islamic-revolutionary self-consciousness in the contemporary era originates from self-knowledge. Therefore, politics is interpreted in close attachment to human essence.