عنوان مقاله [English]
The movement in Islamic political ideology that has become renowned as “religious intellectualism” is the last representation of transformation in Islamic contemporary political ideology. This intellectual movement has been formed following two recent movements that can be called “renewing tradition” and “returning to tradition”. These three movements have formed the new political ideology campaign since the middle of the 19th century. Dealing with political modernity in Europe and whether there is consistency or inconsistency between Islamic instructions and modern democracy are among central issues in all the three above movements. In the meanwhile, religious intellectualism by focusing on criticism to tradition and fundamental revision of that in the form of epistemological divergence from traditional style has established a new plan to make consistency between Islamic instructions and political modernity. A question that is raised about the theoretical strategy of this movement is how much it relies on a consistent perception of the theory of government. A hypothesis proposed in this research is that the theoretical strategy of this intellectual movement in showing consistency between Islamic instructions and principles of democratic political order basically rely on the deconstruction of the tradition, without any divergence from its normative structure so it is not compatible with a coherent theory in terms of government, including its origin and cause. The research findings show that this strategy faces the challenge of theoretical incoherence and diversity as well as methodological difficulties. The current paper has reviewed this subject through a critical approach and a descriptive-analytic method.