نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 دکتری فقه و مبانی حقوق، جامعه المصطفی العالمیه، قم، ایران
2 دکتری، جامعه الزهرا، قم، ایران.
عنوان مقاله [English]
The purpose of the present study is to review anthropology and its impact on the selection type of political governance system with emphasis on the ideas of Āyatollāh Mesbāh Yazdi. The method of study is descriptive-analytic and the results showed that from the view of ‘Allāmah Mesbāh Yazdi, the insufficiency of human cognition and the inadequacy of his ration to provide the means of his prosperity have opened the way to Welāyi governance. In the anthropology of Mesbāh Yazdi, a human has been introduced as a two-dimensional creature having a corporal and a spiritual aspect. Humanity is bestowed to just the spiritual aspect which composes his existential truth as well. Besides, in this ideology, the soul is introduced as a perfectionist creature and human excellence has been stated to be found in closeness to God and acquiring moral and behavioral virtues in oneself. However, since human ration per se is not capable of evaluating the positive or negative impacts of actions on human prosperity and perfection, the necessity of prophethood and Wahy (revelation) emerges.