عنوان مقاله [English]
The purpose of the present study is the comparative review of the ideas of Hegel and Motahhari about issues such as ration, transformations, free will, freedom, government, and future of human being as well as Motahhari's perception, explanation, and criticism on Hegel's thoughts about the above subjects. The method of research is descriptive-analytic and the results showed that concerning the role of ration in the realm of politics, ration is independently at issue for Hegel while the role of Wahy (revelation) and ration are mutually important to Motahhari. Hegel does not believe in individual will and does not give up historical determinism. Motahhari is on the contrary and believes in the effective role of humans in the political system. He maintains that the legitimacy of the political system is dependent on the existence of human free will therein. In the discussion of social-political transformations, Hegel maintains that the origin of social transformations is derived from paradox in ethnic groups and nations and with a dialectic method, this procedure changes to development and betterment; however, Motahhari thinks that the origin of social transformations is rooted in humans' innate talents and capabilities and so he immensely emphasizes on humans' role in political and social phenomena. Government, in the view of Hegel, is a synthesis of civil society and family. To explain the position of Islamic government in the Age of Absence, Motahhari mentions the duties of the Prophet (PBUH). In the discussion of humans' future, Hegel holds that since a human is a historic creature, it can be said that he is not a current, fixed, and stable creature but rather he will become human in future through a dialectic course and achievement of rationality. From the view of Motahhari, the government of the righteous people will occur in future through the appearance and emergence of humans' true instinct under a subject named Mahdawiyat and the government of Imām Zamān (AS).