نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 استاد، گروه علوم سیاسی، واحد قم، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی؛ عضو انجمن مطالعات سیاسی حوزه، قم، ایران.
2 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد، گروه علوم سیاسی، دانشگاه مفید، قم، ایران
عنوان مقاله [English]
One of influential theologians in Islamic philosophy and the founder of the transcendental wisdom is Mullā Sadrā Shirāzi. In addition to Asfār Arba’ah, he has left some other books from himself that include many concepts in philosophy with different suffixes. One of them is politics that is mentioned in the form of political philosophy. Sadrā, has stated his issues in the realm of political philosophy with some minutiae. The present article aims to explain and clarify political order (political order, regulation, and arrangement) in Sadrāyi wisdom. That is to say, how Sadrā illustrates the beginning of political order? How are the procedures? And finally, what is the favorable order from his view? In answering the above questions, he holds that humans are creatures who cannot solve their problems and needs without getting help from others; therefore, he deals with bringing order and credit to society as well as the required laws and collaboration among people. Since humans pay more attention to worldly issues than spiritual issues and cannot deal with spiritual subjects all by themselves and rational reasoning, the necessity of sending prophets and divine saints becomes meaningful to make a balance between this world and the other world and build a utopia and favorable society. Righteous people in society will be in charge of order and regulation of people's social life in the absence of divine saints and prophets.